III Cyber Defence Symposium of the Spanish Joint Cyber Defence Command
Military Operations In Cyberspace
Madrid, 2018 May 22nd - 24th. Kinépolis Madrid (Ciudad de la Imagen)
www.jornadasciberdefensa.es   |   #JornadasCD18   |   #MandoCiberdefensa
PANEL: Cyberthreats: Current tendency and evolution
Tuesday, 22nd May 2018   -   11:50 - 13:00
The slides of the presentations made by each speaker can be downloaded below, next to his biography. The answers to the questions that were made can be found at the end of each video, except for those that were answered personally afterwards due to lack time, that can be accessed here.
Francisco A. Marín Gutiérrez
Lieutenant Colonel, Operations Branch ESP Joint Cyber Command (MCCD)

D. Francisco MARÍN is Lieutenant Colonel of Cavalry and is currently assigned to the Operations group of the ESP Joint Cyber Defense Command, being responsible for the area of cyberthreatment analysis.

Before joining the ESP Joint Cyber MCCD, he was assigned to NATO posts (Land Component Madrid and Allied Command Operations (SHAPE)) and in the Army Staff.

Publications: He is the author of the book «Deception of war. Deception actions in war conflicts »

Javier Candau
Head of Cybersecurity branch of the National Cryptologic Center

Artillery Lieutenant Colonel. Industrial Engineer specializing in electronics and automation. Cryptologist specialist. He has several certifications on ICT security (ISS, SANS, CRAMM, INAP Audit Course, CCN-STIC courses ... etc.).

His activity tasks are the training of specialized security personnel in the Administration, the development of CCN regulations (development of policies, guidelines and ICT security guidelines for Public Administration - CCN-STIC Series), the development of the risk analysis tool (PILAR), the supervision of systems accreditation and the performance of security audits as well as all the actions derived from the NATIONAL SECURITY SCHEME (ENS).

He has more than 19 years of experience in all these areas.

He is in charge of the responsiveness to Government Incidents (CCN-CERT www.ccn-cert.cni.es).

Kah-­Kin Ho
Senior Director for EMEA Public Sector of FireEye

Kah-Kin Ho joined FireEye in April 2016 as Senior Director for EMEA Public Sector of FireEye. In this role, Kah-Kin is responsible for the development of FireEye's EMEA Public Sector strategy to help government customers improve their cyber security maturity. He also provides thought leadership on strategic cyber security issues such as global power balance, international law, public-private partnership, etc.

Prior to this, Kah-Kin had been with Cisco for 20 years in various leadership positions and in his role as the Head of Strategic Security, a position he had held since January 2014, he played a key role in developing and shaping Cisco's strategic positioning in security that aligns with customer requirements. He has also served in the Advisory group of EUROPOL European Cyber Crime Center (EC3) and taught Cyber Security Strategy and Policy at ETH Zürich.

His other passion is in Counter Terrorism where he spent 18 months starting 2009 on counter terrorism research with a focus on mitigating impact of terrorist incidents. Current interest areas are in radicalization and intelligence failure.

Prior to this, Kah-Kin was a Solution Architect in the Global Government Solutions Group working on large Defense programs in Asia Pacific and Europe. In addition, Kah-Kin has spent 4 years working with Defense System Integrators to jointly develop communications solution for the Tactical Battlefield. Kah-Kin has also filed 2 US Patents on IP Networking protocols.

Kah-Kin graduated with honors from the State University of New York at Buffalo with Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in Electrical Engineering and Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology. He also has a Master's degree in Security Policy and Crisis Management from ETH Zürich.

Vicente Martín
Iberia Presales Director. Panda Security

He holds a degree in Marketing from the School of Marketing and Business. He lado holds a diploma in Computer Applications Development.

In April 2017, he started working with Panda Security as Presales Director, with the main objective of consolidating the Panda positioning on the market as a tecnological leader in the bussiness of security solutions in the cloud.

Martín has a solid career path in commercial management of IT solutions in the cybersecurity sector and technological companies. With extensive experience in the Cybersecurity area, Martin was previously Managing Director at SMILE and Product Manager of Cybersecurity at PROSEGUR.

Answers to those questions that were not answered during the session due to lack of time, that were sent directly to the attendees that made them.
To: Kah-­Kin Ho
From an asian perspective. What do you think about the legal paradigm of US and Japan Defence Agreement on the cybedefense realm and the geopolital consecuences of this two big blocks?
I think both the US and Japan need each other to provide a counterweight to China's increasing might. US and Japan have a long established defense relationship and this cyberdefense agreement represents an extension of the existing relationship.
To: Javier Candau
Volviendo a Catalunya. Se dice que había influencia rusa, ayudando a los separatistas antes del 1-O. Hay alguna prueba?
Esta pregunta no la debe responder el CCN. Nosotros nos focalizamos en ciberataques y en ayudar al sector público a recuperarse de estos.
To: Javier Candau
Con motivo de la GDPR, se aprecia una vía de entrada para ciberataques de tipo Phising mediante el email para el robo de información sensible y malware. ¿Hay alguna iniciativa para paliar este tipo de ataques de ultima hora?
Los phishing generales o dirigidos siempre aprovechan asuntos de actualidad para el engaño a los usuarios y la infección de sus sistemas. Por ello es una cosa con la que tenemos que vivir y contrarrestar con sensibilización y vigilancia.
To: Kah-­Kin Ho
Dear Mr. Kah-Kin Ho, thank you very much for Your excellent presentation. At the End of your presentation you mentioned that we have to rethink our Cyber Strategies.How should we do this in the context of Sovereignity and borders in the cyberspace?
Cyber deterrence is currently the dominant strategy promoted by government and military leaders and the pervasiveness of the deterrence theme can be observed in speeches, policy papers, news, etc. NATO, for example, often cites the use of NATO Article 5 as a potential response to cyberattacks. The EU now contemplates to move in line with NATO to declare that serious cyberattacks can be construed as act of war, while US policy documents are rife with references to deterrence. While deterrence as a strategy may have its utility in responding to serious cyberattacks, it has been, so far, unsuccessful in shaping cyber rules and norms especially when it comes to recognition and respect for national cyber sovereignty.
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